The Golden temple, Amritsar- treasure of India
The Golden Temple is a religious heritage of the country and is a shrine of the Sikhs. It is not only an important place for the followers of Sikhism, but is also an emblem of human equality and brotherhood. Irrespective of race, creed or cast everybody can seek religious fulfillment and spiritual solace here, without any hindrance. It forms a representation if a unique heritage, glory and identity of the Sikhs. Penning the outer and inner beauty, ideology and philosophy of this distinct heritage is indeed a difficult task; it’s a matter of experience rather than description.
Also known as Sri Harimandir Sahib, the holy tank of this temple was built by the 4th Sikh Guru, in 1577 AD. Later in 1588, the 5th Guru, Sri Guru Arjan Dev completed this massive task and also started the construction of the Golden Temple. The holy scripture of the Sikhs better known as Guru Granth Sahib also created by Guru Arjan Dev was first installed in the temple in 1604 AD.
It is also popularly known as the Swarn Mandir in Amritsar, and is marked by a distinctive Sikh architecture. The temple is built at a lower level compared to its surrounded land level. The Gurudwara has several Sikh teachers, who preach lessons of humility and social equality to all people coming here irrespective of their religion, and caste. There is one amazing architectural feature that signifies the larger aspect of Sikhism as envisioned by the true first Sikh, Guru Gobind Singh. The temple is so constructed that its four doors are pointed towards the four cardinal points of the compass. The construction of these four doors signifies the fact that this was a religion that was willing to embrace and was open to people from all over.
The name Harimandir Sahib actually means ‘temple of the god’, and it is an icon of power and brilliance, of the Sikhs in all corners of the globe. Also known as the Darbar Sahib, the name Golden temple was given to this massive shrine solely because of its picturesque beauty, and gilded structure. It’s an emblem of the Sikhs and one will find a picture of the temple in every Sikh home irrespective of the place or country they are residing in. it is mandatory for the Sikhs to pay obeisance and a visit to Hari Mandir.
The architecture of this ancient temple of India has abundant symbols that are associated with other places of worship. This signifies the sense of approval and forbearance, which forms a very essential part of Sikh philosophy. The first floor is where most of the magic happens and it is here that the readings of the Sikh Holy Scriptures go on 24 x 7. Considered to be one of the most famous temples of India, the Golden temple holds the Pool of Nectar or the Amrit Sarovar and this is the primary attraction of Swaran Mandir. The waters of this Pool, is considered to have miraculous curative properties.